World economies have acknowledged Info Know-how as an efficient instrument in catalyzing the financial exercise in environment friendly governance and in creating human useful resource. They’ve made important investments in it and efficiently built-in it with the event course of, thereby reaping the advantages to their society. In India additionally, these developments have impacted the commercial, training, service and Authorities sectors and their affect on numerous functions is more and more being felt of
Because the period of digital economic system is evolving, the idea of governance has assumed important significance. The e-Governance has consequently turn out to be an accepted methodology involving the usage of Info Know-how in enhancing transparency, offering info speedily to all residents, enhancing administration effectivity and enhancing public providers resembling transportation, energy, well being, water, safety and municipal providers.
India has been harnessing the advantages supplied by the Info & Communication
Applied sciences to offer built-in governance, attain to the residents quicker,present environment friendly providers and citizen empowerment by means of entry to info. The goal is to redefine governance within the ICT age to offer Sensible Governance. A number of important initiatives have been taken on the Centre and the State stage on this route. On the Central stage, the federal government has extensively promoted the usage of IT in managing
its inner processes and has drawn up a ‘Minimal Agenda of e-Governance’. The
Ministries/Departments have provision of two to three % of their annual budgets to be spent on IT associated actions.
The Authorities has enacted IT Act 2000, which offers authorized standing to the knowledge and transactions carried on the web. A number of State Governments have additionally taken
numerous progressive steps to advertise e-Governance and have drawn up a roadmap for IT implementation and supply of providers to the residents on-line. The functions which were applied are focused in direction of offering G2B, G2C and B2C providers with emphasis on use of native language.
2.DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY’S INITIATIVES:
As a part of the elevated thrust on e-Governance, Ministry of Communications &
Info Know-how, Division of Info Know-how, Authorities of India
has arrange a Centre for e-Governance (CEG) at its premises – Electronics Niketan in New Delhi.The Centre, first of its variety within the nation,
showcases a number of e-Governance functions and options which were efficiently
deployed in numerous states and affords such different providers like technical session, proof of idea and thematic displays. Conducting programmes for creating consciousness amongst choice makers within the Centre and State Governments and serving to them in defining and
implementing course of and coverage adjustments for efficient e-Governance are different necessary
aims of the Centre.The first actions of the Centre are:
o To showcase the perfect practices within the space of Digital Governance, which might
embody expertise, processes in addition to public insurance policies
Conduct packages for creating consciousness amongst choice makers within the Central and state Governments
Display the feasibility of Digital Governance to choice makers by means of
workshops, demonstration packages,video/teleconferencing, and many others.
Assist the Central and State Governments in defining and implementing course of and coverage adjustments
To counterpoint the repository of finest practices by means of steady interplay with material specialists from India and overseas.
The Centre additionally attracts upon main firms, technical establishments and enterprise companions in India and overseas and assist provoke initiatives to deal with particular wants. The Centre constantly strives to ascertain sturdy hyperlinks with comparable establishments worldwide to counterpoint the repository of finest practices by means of interplay and
three. SOME E-GOVERNANCE PROJECTS/APPLICATIONS OPERATIONAL ACROSS INDIA:
three.1 Bhoomi (Land Information)
Bhoomi is a self-sustainable e-governance mission for the computerized supply of 20 million rural land information to six.7 million farmers by means of 177 Authorities owned kiosks within the Indian state of Karnataka, which has eradicated pink tape and corruption within the situation of land title information, and is quick changing into the spine for credible IT-enabled Authorities providers for the agricultural inhabitants.
three.2 Stamps Registration and Archiving (SARITA)
The Stamps and Registration Division of a State is often one of many high income earners for any Authorities. Stamp & Registration software program offers environment friendly authorities citizen interface, and likewise allows enhanced income earnings for the Stamps and Registration operation. The guts of this utility consists
of the Registration and Valuation module. Different modules are the Networking and Scanning modules that allow change of knowledge securely throughout departments, and “electronic copying” of the registered paperwork thereby enabling return of the unique doc inside couple of minutes of presentation.
three.three Versatile On-line Info for Citizen Empowerment (VOICE)
Municipalities have a difficult activity of offering numerous sorts of citizen providers.VOICE caters to those challenges by means of the usage of state-of-the-art info Know-how.Along with computerisation of the day-to-day operations,VOICE additionally offers a strong Neighborhood and empowers the citizen. This utility ensures a fast, clear and environment friendly administration at a decrease working value
with elevated income collections.
eSeva is the first-of-its-kind of service within the nation, offering a large spectrum of citizenfriendly providers that save citizen the hassle of working round numerous departments. The providers supplied are Cost of Utilities Payments,Registration of Start/Loss of life, Problem of Start/Loss of life certificates, Permits/Licences, Reservations and many others.
There are 35 eSeva centres (with 280 service counters) unfold over the Twin Cities and
Ranga Reddy District.
Gyandoot is an intranet within the tribal district of Dhar in Central India connecting rural Cybercafes catering to the on a regular basis wants of the plenty. It’s a community-based, extremely costeffective and financially self-reliant strategy to bringing the advantages of Info Know-how to the doorsteps of tribal villagers. The target of the Gyandoot mission has been to ascertain a community-owned, progressive and sustainable
info expertise mission in probably the most poverty stricken and tribal dominated rural
areas. The mission is designed to cater to social,financial and improvement wants of the
villagers by means of an progressive G2C mannequin.There are round 1600 villages in Dhar district and 80 info kiosks/cyber workplaces(Soochanalayas). Every kiosk caters to about 25 to 30 villages. Your entire community of 31 kiosks covers 311 Panchayats (village committees),over 600 villages and a inhabitants of round half 1,000,000 (almost 50% of your complete district).
Began by ITC’s worldwide Enterprise Division as a cheap different provide chain system to deal instantly with the farmer to purchase merchandise for exports is getting reworked right into a meta marketplace for rural India. The tobacco large
has already arrange over 700 choupals masking three,800 villages in 4 states
— which embrace Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and Andhra
Pradesh — coping with merchandise starting from soya bean, espresso, aquaculture and wheat.
This portal offers the chance for colleges,lecturers and college students all throughout the nation to precise and share their inventive and educational potential by way of the web. The portal goals at creating such an atmosphere by offering amenities for content material improvement, content material deployment and collaboration. Shiksha India – a
non- revenue organisation – is working in partnership with the Ministry of Info
Know-how within the mission Vidya Vahini and Ministry of Human Assets beneath the CLASS scheme, which goals to attach 60.000 colleges (roughly 20 million college students) throughout the nation within the subsequent 5 years.
Aarakshi is an intranet-based system for the Jaipur Metropolis Police to facilitate FIRs,criminalsrecords, automobile thefts, lacking particular person’s information and many others. It is sort of a personal & closed person group accessible to solely authorised personnel. Its potential customers are all discipline stage officers of the town like police station, circle officers SP and even district collector.
WebCITI (Internet based mostly Citizen-IT Interface) is an e-Governance mission for constructing citizen-IT interface for providers supplied by district administration at Fatehgarh Sahib in Punjab. It offers web-based interface to residents in search of providers from district administration and offers full workflow automation in District Commissioners workplace. It’s info dissemination system designed to facilitate public to get details about numerous authorities schemes resembling eligibility standards, procedures, contact addresses, downloadable varieties and many others. These embrace issuance of certificates
resembling demise/start, caste, rural space and many others.,licenses resembling arms license, permission for
conferences/rallies and many others., advantages from socioeconomic schemes and many others. The details about
numerous schemes and procedures, standing of an utility and many others. will be discovered by means of the online Interface obtainable on the intranet counters at developmental block/income tehsil and kiosks.
Drishtee is a novel socio-technological effort in direction of creating an Info spine in Indian Villages. Drishtee is a public restricted firm offering IT enabled, payment based mostly providers to villagers by means of neighborhood owned kiosks. It’s a platform for rural networking and advertising and marketing providers for enabling e-governance, training, well being and allied IT based mostly providers. The providers it allows embrace entry to authorities packages & advantages, market associated info and personal info exchanges & transactions.
four. E-GOVERNANCE IN TAMILNADU:
Authorities has taken as a coverage to advertise e-governance initiative to
guarantee clear, speedy and responsive supply of presidency providers to the
residents. E-governance initiatives have been taken in main departments like Registration,
Income, Transport, and many others. The Digital Supply of Providers (EDS) is receiving lots
of thrust. The fee of utility fee service costs of TNEB, Metrowater and
Chennai Company will be effected by means of the EDS centres. To advertise egovernance
within the Authorities throughout 2004-05, a sum of Rs.2357.52 lakhs has
been supplied within the State Price range beneath Half-II (new) schemes for 2004-05 of which
Rs.1836.52 lakhs is supplied beneath Plan schemes and Rs.521 lakhs beneath Non-
Plan in direction of and software program for the Departments of Business Taxes,
Registration, Treasuries & Accounts, Survey & Settlement, BC & MBC, City and
Nation Planning & Adi-Dravida Welfare, and many others.
four.1 Tamil Nadu e-governance Mission:
As a part of the elevated thrust on e-governance, IT division is establishing
an e-governance Directorate completely to work on the Coverage and Planning of
Info & Communication Know-how initiatives of the Authorities and likewise to
increase the e-Governance initiatives and initiatives of the Authorities of Tamil
Nadu. As a primary initiative, e-governance cell at ELCOT within the identify
and magnificence of “TN e-governance Mission”, is shaped which can type part of the
Directorate later. TN e-governance Mission, from its inception has been
scouting round for the perfect e-governance practices world over for adoption within the
e-governance mission initiatives of the Authorities to offer digital supply of
providers to the citizen at an affordable value and for enchancment of Authorities –
The Tamil Nadu Authorities has determined to present a serious push to its e-governance initiatives. Apart from constituting panels at three completely different ranges for implementation of Nationwide e-Governance Motion Plan (NeGAP), additionally it is planning to nominate a guide to conduct a examine and put together an info and communication expertise (ICT) roadmap for e-governance.
Apart from floating a worldwide tender for appointment of the guide, the federal government has constituted a State Apex Committee (SAC) that may oversee and supply coverage route to NeGAP and guarantee inter-ministerial co-ordination.
There will likely be a State e-Governance Group (SeG) to offer general route, standardisation and consistency by means of programme administration of e-governance initiatives of the state.
The SAC will likely be headed by the Chief Secretary, with Info Know-how secretary because the Chief Info Officer and the Managing Director of Electronics Company of Tamil Nadu (ELCOT) because the member secretary.
The SeG could have the Improvement Commissioner and Principal Secretary (Finance) because the chairman and the director of the to-be created directorate of e-Governance because the member secretary. The IT secretary, who can even be a member of the SeG, could have the lead function in advising the federal government on IT developments and likewise coordinating expertise utilization
The deputy director normal of the Nationwide Informatics Centre (NIC) can even be a member of the SeG to offer expertise experience and to observe new applied sciences, in addition to assessing their potential to make use of within the e-governance programme.
The SeG will operate as a everlasting advisory physique to develop and implement processes for administration of programmes like battle administration, audits, data administration, monetary administration, threat administration, and mission planning and monitoring, in addition to institutionalizing e-governance processes and instruments.
The e-governance teams can even be arrange at state authorities division ranges, with the secretary of the division involved because the chairman, to assist the departments put together detailed mission studies, enterprise course of re-engineering, change administration, monetary sustainability, expertise experience and handle implementation of the mission.
5. SOME OF THE IMPORTANT E-GOVERNANCE PROJECTS IN TAMILNADU:
5.1 TamilNadu InfoSystem on Land Administration and Administration (Tamil NILAM):
TamilNILAM is a crucial e-governance initiative of Authorities of TamilNadu. All of the taluk workplaces in TamilNadu have been supplied with computer systems beneath this programme.
The key functions on these techniques are,
§ Land Information
§ Previous Age Pension Administration
§ Certificates Administration
§ Public Grievances Redressal
§ Personnal and Payroll system
At current twenty 9 taluks have been supplied with the contact display for the general public use. The providers supplied by it are,
Land house owners can view their very own Land possession and may receive a duplicate of Chitta Precise.
Start and Loss of life certificates particulars will be seen and a duplicate of the certificates may also be obtained.
Previous age pension particulars may also be maintained in it.
The welfare Scheme of the Income Division are defined with the small print for availing these providers and the advantages.
5.2 Simplified and Clear Administration of Registration(STAR):
Simplified and Clear Administration of Registration is a Citizen-centric utility which has been applied at 300 sub registrar workplace in TamilNadu. With the computerized system the difficulty of Encumbrance certificates has turn out to be faster and simpler. The paperwork are scanned and archived. The Information will likely be maintained in Tamil.
The Utility software program was developed by NIC TamilNadu state Unit with the lively involvement of the crew from Registration Division. The procurement and set up has been carried out by the ELCOT.
5.three Treasury Computerization:
The Treasury computerization is likely one of the earliest e-governance mission developed for the Authorities of TamilNadu. Now the system is used within the following workplaces,
§ 29 District treasuries
§ 205 sub treasuries
§ 7 pay and accounts workplace
§ Pension Pay workplace, Chennai
The Day by day transaction is captured in batch mode at sub treasuries and consolidated on the district treasuries. The month-to-month account ready utilizing the system by the district treasuries, pay and accounts division are submitted to the AG’s workplace.
Though e-government has been round because the 1990s, many creating international locations haven’t totally reaped its advantages as a result of they lack the important thing circumstances for it to thrive:
· wholesome political and regulatory environments,
· well-developed IT infrastructure, and
· a big pool of Web customers.
Skeptics consider that e-government will not be an acceptable instrument for low-income international locations with restricted technical functionality. However some creating international locations, resembling India, have efficiently applied e-government in sure areas, regardless of this shortcoming.